Answered By: Sharon Nangle Last Updated: Apr 13, 2016 Views: 180
You will be required to reference the sources you use for most assignments. Schools within the University of St Andrews use a range of different referencing styles, so before you start referencing, check what style you need to use.
Within the University the following styles are used:
APA - American Psychological Association
- The Library has print copies of the Publications Manual of the American Psychological Association - chapters 6 and 7 cover citations and reference lists;
- There's an APA blog with a Q&A section;
- Free tutorial The Basics of APA Style - slides 13-25 cover citations and reference lists.
There are two versions of the Chicago Style - (1)Notes and Bibliography, and (2) Author-Date. The most recent edition of the Chicago Style was released in 2010, and is the 16th edition.
- The Library has print copies of the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. Chapter 15 covers the Notes and Bibliography style; chapter 16 covers the Author-Date style;
- We have online access to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. You can also access a Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide through the Tools menu on the online version of the style guide.
There are many variations of the Harvard Style in use, check with your School or in your School Handbook to see if a specific variation is used.
MHRA - Modern Humanities Research Association
The MHRA makes the most recent edition (3rd) of the MHRA Style Guide available via their website. Chapter 10 deals with the format for footnotes or endnotes, and chapter 11 with the formatting of references.
MLA - Modern Language Association
The most recent edition of the MLA Style manual is the third edition, published in 2008. You'll also find information in the MLA Handbook, 7th edition.
- The Library has a print copy of the 3rd edition of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. Chapters 6 and 7 cover the Reference List and in-text citations.
- The Library has print copies of the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Chapter 5 covers the reference list, and chapter 6 covers in-text citations.
- Purdue University's Online Writing Lab has a guide to the MLA Style, video guides are also available on their website.
Turabian is a variation of the Chicago Styles - adapted for the use of students by Kate L. Turabian. Like Chicago, there are two variations of the style - the Notes-Bibliography style, or the Parenthetical Citation-Reference List style.
- The Library has print copies of A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations - Section 17 covers the Notes-Bibliography style, and section 8 covers the Parenthetical Citation-Reference List style.
- Monash University have an online guide to Turabian.
Vancouver is a numerical referencing style - there are no in-text citations or footnotes, instead each work you refer to has a number refering to the reference list. There are many variations of the Vancouver style, so check with your school or your school handbook to see if you need to use a particular variation.
- Monash University have an online guide to Vancouver Style.
There are a variety of online resources which can help with referencing, for whatever style you need to use. The Library runs classes showing how to use Endnote and Mendeley - contact us if you'd like to know more. Our Referencing Software Guide is a great place to start.